REFERENCE INFORMATION ON NEAR EARTH OBJECTS AND SPACE DEBRIS
- A. Bevan and K. McNamara, "Australia's Meteorite Craters"
- T. Gehrels, "Hazards Due to Comets and Asteroids"
- MIT Students, "Project Icarus"
- G.L. Verschuur, "Impact!"
- H.J. Melosh, "Impact Cratering"
- K. Mark, "Meteorite Craters"
- O.R. Norton, "Rocks from Space"
- D. Steel, "Rogue Asteroids and Doomsday Comets"
- J. Erickson, "Target Earth!"
- D. Steel, "Target Earth"
- K. McNamara and A. Bevan, "TEKTITES"
- F. Heide and F. Wlotzka, "Meteorites"
- D.W.R. McKinley, "Meteor Science and Engineering"
"Artificial Space Debris", Nicholas L Johnson and Darren S McKnight, published by Orbit Book Company
Florida, 1987, ISBN 0-89464-012-7.
This was the first published book completely devoted to Orbital Space Debris.
"Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment",(US) National Research Council, published by National Academy Press
Washington DC, 1995, ISBN 0-309-05125-8 or
This book can be accessed at
National Academies Press.
"Advances in Space Research", (published by Pergamon), is a good source of
papers on orbital space debris, and has devoted several past issues exclusively to
"Orbital Debris Quarterly News",(published by the NASA Orbital Debris
Program Office). Current and past issues may be downloaded from:
- "Space Debris", An international journal devoted to Space Debris Research, Technology and Policy. Available electronically via Kluwer Online at Space Debris. Unfortunately, only 2 volumes of this journal were ever published.
- "Collision Frequency of Artificial Satellites: The Creation of a Debris
Belt", Donald J Kessler and Burton G Cour-Palais, Journal of
Geophysical Research, v83(#A6) June 1, 1978, pp2637-2646.
This is the classic/historical paper on the problems of orbital space debris by two pioneers in the field
The paper by Major Lindley N. Johnson in which the term "Planetary Defense" was first coined (1993):
Preparing for Planetary Defense:
Detection and Interception of Asteroids on Collision Course with Earth (2.8MB Word Document)
Proceedings of the Planetary Defense Workshop held at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California in 1995 may be found at:
An interesting research paper presented to the USAF (1996) on planetary defense is located at:
Planetary Defense: Catastrophic
Health Insurance for Planet Earth
From the Federation of American Scientists web site:
Another version of Major Johnson's paper to Spacecast 2020
From the Aerospace Power Journal - Summer 1997:
Planetary Defense: Department
of Defense Cost for the Detection, Exploration and Rendezvous Mission of Near-Earth Onbjects
A Policy Position Paper on NEO protection from the American Insitute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (2004):
Earth from Asteroids and Comets (160KB pdf file)
NEAR EARTH OBJECTS
The United Kingdom (UK) Near Earth Object Information Centre was set up in response to a British government inquiry in the cosmic impact hazard. It may be found at:
This site has available a copy of the "Report of the Task Force on Potentially Hazardous Near Earth Objects" at:
(This is a very well considered and well written overview, and is available in pdf format.)
A NASA "Study to Determine the Feasibility of Extending the Search for Near-Earth Objects to Smaller
Limiting Diameters". This study contains data on Near Earth Asteroid populations and expected impact frequencies
(August 22, 2003 - 166 pages [1.2MB pdf]):
Report of the Near_Earth Object Science
The Cambridge Conference Network (CCN) moderated by anthropologist Dr Benny Peiser is a newsletter devoted to NEO's, catastrophism and related studies. Archives of the newsletters are maintained at:
NASA maintains a news page on Asteroid and Comet Impact Hazards:
The Planetary Society maintains a web page of NEO news:
Here we list the various global organisations concerned with
the detection and analysis of near Earth objects.
The Spaceguard Foundation is an international organisation
involving people concerned about the cosmic impact hazard.
The home of the Spaceguard Foundation was first established
in 1996 in Rome. It has since moved a few kilometres to the
ESA (European Space Agency) European Space Research Institute
NATURAL SPACE DEBRIS (METEOROIDS and INTERPLANETARY DUST)
The International Meteor Organisation maintains a comprehensive web site at:
ORBITAL SPACE DEBRIS